KRAKOW, Poland — President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia confronted recent setbacks Friday over the Ukraine invasion, as Sweden turned the second impartial nation in two days to maneuver towards becoming a member of NATO and the West devised methods to reroute Ukrainian grain previous a Russian naval blockade.

New indicators of a Russian army retreat close to Ukraine’s second-largest metropolis, Kharkiv, additionally added to Mr. Putin’s challenges, showing to subvert or at the very least delay the Kremlin’s aim of encircling Ukrainian forces concentrated in japanese Ukraine.

However for Mr. Putin, the largest vexation might have been essentially the most private: Britain slapped sanctions on his ex-wife, Lyudmila Ocheretnaya, on a former Olympic gymnast lengthy rumored to be his girlfriend, Alina Kabaeva, and on three cousins: Igor, Mikhail and Roman Putin.

“We’re exposing and concentrating on the shady community propping up Putin’s luxurious way of life and tightening the vise on his interior circle,” Britain’s overseas secretary, Liz Truss, stated.

The West confronted challenges of its personal. Whilst Sweden signaled that it could profit from becoming a member of NATO — one day after Finland said it was ready to join — the president of Turkey signaled his objections to an growth of the alliance, a doable complication that would work in Russia’s favor. International ministers of the alliance have been assembly Saturday in Germany, and invited counterparts from Sweden and Finland to affix them.

In an indication that not all diplomatic channels have been lower off, the American secretary of protection, Lloyd J. Austin III, spoke on Friday with Sergei Okay. Shoigu, Russia’s protection minister, for the primary time since Feb. 18 — six days earlier than the invasion of Ukraine. Mr. Austin pushed for a direct cease-fire in Ukraine and emphasised the significance of sustaining strains of communication, in line with John F. Kirby, the Pentagon spokesman.

The Russian Protection Ministry stated the decision had been held “on the initiative of the American facet,” which two senior U.S. officers confirmed.

Prime Pentagon officers, together with Mr. Austin, had repeatedly tried to contact their Russian counterparts within the aftermath of the invasion. Till Friday, these efforts had been unsuccessful.

“What motivated them to alter their thoughts and be open to it, I don’t suppose we all know for certain,” one senior Pentagon official stated, talking on situation of anonymity to explain a confidential name. He stated the hourlong dialog was “skilled” however broke no new floor. Mr. Austin nonetheless hoped it could “function a springboard for future conversations,” the official stated.

It was the highest-level contact between U.S. and Russian leaders since Jake Sullivan, President Biden’s nationwide safety adviser, spoke with Gen. Nikolay Patrushev, secretary of the Russian Safety Council, on March 16, to reiterate the USA’ robust opposition to the invasion.

Russia has taken roughly 80 p.c of the Donbas area of japanese Ukraine, the place its newest offensive has been concentrated. If Moscow can maintain that territory, it could achieve important leverage in any future talks. But it has been struggling to achieve extra floor towards Ukrainian forces wielding heavy weapons provided by the West.

On Friday, Russian forces bombarded largely deserted and devastated cities in Donbas whereas Ukrainian forces drove Russian troops additional away from Kharkiv within the northeast. The Ukrainian counteroffensive there was starting to rival the one which pushed Russian troops away from Kyiv, Ukraine’s capital, final month, the Institute for the Research of Struggle, a Washington analysis group, stated.

The British Protection Ministry stated that satellite tv for pc imagery confirmed that Ukrainian forces had additionally decimated a Russian battalion because it tried to cross pontoon bridges over a river in northeast Ukraine earlier this week. Whereas it was not clear what number of troopers have been killed, the scattering of burned-out and destroyed automobiles alongside the riverside prompt that Russia had suffered heavy losses.

In transferring nearer to becoming a member of NATO, Sweden contended in a report that Russian aggression in Ukraine had essentially altered Europe’s safety and that Swedish membership within the alliance would “have a deterrent impact in northern Europe.”

“By means of NATO membership, Sweden wouldn’t solely strengthen its personal safety, but additionally contribute to the safety of like-minded international locations,” the report acknowledged.

If Sweden joins, it could end more than 200 years of neutrality and army nonalignment and ship one other rebuke to Mr. Putin, who had invoked NATO growth as a rationale for the invasion.

However the addition of Sweden and Finland may very well be sophisticated by Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who prompt on Friday that his nation, which has one of many largest armies amongst NATO members, could be reluctant to welcome them into the alliance.

“Proper now, we’re following developments concerning Sweden and Finland, however don’t have constructive views,” Mr. Erdogan informed reporters after attending Friday Prayer at a mosque in Istanbul.

Turkey has usually supported Western responses to the invasion, agreeing to dam Russian warships from passing by means of the Turkish Straits.

However Sweden and Finland would want unanimous help from NATO’s 30 members to affix. Mr. Erdogan may very well be withholding Turkey’s approval for leverage on points he cares about, corresponding to Turkey’s longstanding issues a couple of guerrilla group referred to as the Kurdistan Employees’ Occasion, or P.Okay.Okay., which launched a violent separatist motion in Turkey within the early Nineteen Eighties.

“Sadly, Scandinavian international locations are nearly like guesthouses for terrorist organizations,” Mr. Erdogan stated, naming the P.Okay.Okay.

Karen Donfried, the assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs, informed reporters in Washington on Friday that the USA was “working to make clear Turkey’s place.” She stated U.S. officers don’t assume that Turkey opposes NATO membership for Finland and Sweden.

“We respect the political processes which are underway in each Finland and Sweden,” she stated.

In Germany, agricultural ministers from the Group of seven, representing the world’s wealthiest democracies, mentioned methods to avoid Russian warships which have blocked Ukrainian grain from reaching international markets by means of the Black Sea. Ukraine is the world’s fourth largest grain exporter, and the blockade has threatened to worsen a world meals disaster.

Cem Özdemir, the German agricultural minister, stated the G7 would search routes to move Ukrainian grain by highway and rail, in addition to through the Danube River. He referred to as the blockade “a part of Russia’s perfidious technique to not solely take out a competitor, which they’re not going to have the ability to do, but it surely’s additionally financial struggle that Russia is waging.”

In Kyiv, Ukrainian judicial authorities started listening to a case towards a Russian soldier accused of taking pictures a civilian, the primary trial involving a suspected struggle crime by a Russian service member because the invasion started.

Prosecutors stated the soldier, Sgt. Vadim Shysimarin, fatally shot a 62-year-old man on a bicycle in a village within the Sumy area, about 200 miles east of Kyiv, on Feb. 28, to cease the person from reporting him and his fellow troopers to the Ukrainians.

Sargeant Shysimarin, who’s 21 and faces 10 to fifteen years in jail, was introduced into the courtroom in handcuffs and seated in a locked glass field. Head bowed, he ignored journalists who requested him how he was feeling.

“For me, it’s simply work,” Viktor Ovsyannikov, a Ukrainian court-appointed lawyer, stated when requested about defending Sargeant Shysimarin. “It is rather essential to verify my consumer’s human rights are protected, to point out that we’re a rustic completely different to the one he’s from.”

Within the Russian city of Khimki, close to Moscow, a court docket prolonged the pretrial detention of the American basketball star Brittney Griner, a two-time Olympic gold medalist, till June 18, her lawyer stated.

Ms. Griner has been in Russian custody since mid-February on drug prices that may carry as much as 10 years in jail. The cost is predicated on allegations that she had vape cartridges containing cannabis oil in her baggage when she was stopped at an airport close to Moscow in February.

“She is OK,” Ms. Griner’s lawyer, Aleksandr Boikov, stated in an interview, including that the court docket had denied his movement to have Ms. Griner transferred to deal with arrest. He stated he anticipated the trial to start in about two months.

The State Division stated this month that Ms. Griner had been “wrongfully detained,” signaling that it might turn into extra actively concerned in making an attempt to safe her launch.

Marc Santora reported from Krakow, Mark Landler from London and Michael Levenson from New York. Reporting was contributed by Eric Schmitt and Edward Wong from Washington, Ivan Nechepurenko from Tbilisi, Georgia, Valerie Hopkins from Kyiv, Ukraine, Matthew Mpoke Bigg and Cassandra Vinograd from London, Dan Bilefsky from Montreal and Steven Erlanger from Tallinn, Estonia.

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